Welcome to part six of the submission move series. This week, the Ankle Lock will be the topic.
In the previous weeks, the moves that have been discussed have had multiple areas on the body that would be affected. The Ankle Lock is the first move in the series that is specific to one area on the body.
As usual, the hold will be broken down into how it is applied, the anatomy of the hold and the possible injuries that could happen if full force was used.
The Ankle Lock is a very simple hold to apply.
The applier wraps one arm around the base of the leg at the ankle. The other arm of the applier is placed along the side of the foot and pushes to rotate the foot.
The arm that is wrapped around the ankle is used as an anchor. It keeps the foot of the person in the hold still, not allowing them to turn with the hold.
We have seen that when the hold is applied, the person who is in the hold is able to squirm and move, potentially allowing them to get out of it. This is where grape-vining the leg comes into play.
By dropping down and wrapping your legs around the leg of the person in the hold, you lower your center of gravity. You make it extremely difficult for the opponent to maneuver out of the hold.
At the very basic level, the ankle joint is made up of the tibia, fibula and the talus bones. It is the place where these bones meet.
The joint is designed to allow the up and down motion that is required for walking and running. The joint itself does not allow very much side-to-side movement.
Try to rotate your foot to the side. Did you notice that your whole leg moves when doing this movement? This is why the applier has to wrap an arm around the leg at the ankle, to not allow the leg to move while rotating the foot.
Since the ankle joint is made up when the bones meet, there needs to be ligaments that hold the bones in place.
There are four ligaments that keep the ankle joint stable. Any form of injury to these ligaments force the other ones to provide more stability than they are used to.
The ligaments in the ankle are easily injured. If you have ever sprained your ankle, you have torn a ligament in your ankle. Sprains vary in severity and are graded by how great the tear of the ligament is.
The bones of the ankle are surprisingly strong. It takes a significant amount of force to break them.
Although it would be possible to break some bones if full force of the Ankle Lock were applied, it would be unlikely. The person applying the hold would have to be very strong, and the person in the hold would need to be very weak in the legs.
The majority of the damage will come from torn ligaments. The ligaments that attach to the bones are not loose. The are stretched very tight in order to keep all the bones where they are supposed to be.
By twisting and turning the foot, the ligaments could potentially be torn off the bones or be torn. Depending on the severity of the tear, surgery may or may not be required.
The person suffering the injury would require time off to heal but would likely not suffer any permanent problems once healing is complete.
Part seven will be next week.
For other parts of this series, click the links below.
Louie Babcock has over five years experience working in emergency medicine, and is studying biology and health science at the University of Minnesota.
Follow me on Twitter@Medic_Louie