2011 US Open: Congressional Joins the Club of Courses to Host 3 US Opens

Mike LynchContributor IIIJune 10, 2011

2011 US Open: Congressional Joins the Club of Courses to Host 3 US Opens

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    The 2011 US Open marks the 66th consecutive year of the tournament.  It had been on hiatus due to the Second World War.  It has been staged at 27 different courses over this span. 11 courses have hosted at least three.  

    Oakmont Country Club has hosted the tournament a record six times and the 2011 event will be at Congressional Country Club, making it the 12th course to host the event at least three times.

Oakmont Country Club: 6 US Opens

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    Oakmont, PA

    Current Length: 7,255 Yards 

    1953:  Ben Hogan, 283

    1962:  Jack Nicklaus, 283

    1973:  Johnny Miller, 279

    1983:  Larry Nelson, 280

    1994:  Ernie Els, 279

    2007:  Angel Cabrera, 285

    Its normal setup is so difficult that the course is always considered "open ready."  The greens are so fast and undulating that they measure a 13.5 on the stimpmeter, prompting the USGA to ask them to slow the greens for the Open.  

    Johnny Miller's 62 in the final round remains the US Open single round scoring record.

Pebble Beach Golf Links: 5 US Opens

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    Pebble Beach, California

    Current Length: 6,828 Yards

    Architects: Jack Neville and Douglas Grant

    1972:  Jack Nicklaus, 290  

    1982:  Tom Watson, 282

    1992:  Tom Kite, 285

    2000:  Tiger Woods, 272

    2010:  Graeme McDowell, 284

    It's a place of beauty and golf history.  Tiger Woods set the scoring record with his win.  Tom Watson defeated Jack Nicklaus on a seemingly impossible chip shot.

Baltusrol Lower Course: 4 US Opens

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    Springfield, New Jersey

    Current Length:  7,392 yards

    Architect: A.W. Tillinghast

    1954:  Ed Furgol, 284

    1967:  Jack Nicklaus, 275

    1980:  Jack Nicklaus, 272  

    1993:  Lee Janzen, 272

    Baltusrol now appears the PGA Championship rotation of courses.  It's the site of Jack Nicklaus's final US Open win.

Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course: 4 US Opens

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    Bloomfield Hills, Michigan

    Current Length: 7,445 yards

    Architect:  Donald J. Ross

    1951:  Ben Hogan, 287

    1961:  Gene Littler, 281

    1985:  Andy North, 279

    1996:  Steve Jones, 278

    It was built to punish players in the 1951 Open.  Ben Hogan said he was glad to bring "this monster to it's knees."

Olympic Club Lake Course: 4 US Opens

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    San Francisco, California

    Current Length: 6,842 yards

    Architects: Sam Whiting and Willie Watson

    1955:  Jack Fleck, 287

    1966:  Billy Casper, 278

    1987:  Scott Simpson, 277

    1998:  Lee Janzen, 280

    It's the site of two major upsets: the shock of Fleck beating Ben Hogan in an 18 hole playoff and the implosion of Arnold Palmer, allowing Casper to clutch the title away. 

Winged Foot Country Club West: 4 US Opens

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    Mamaroneck, New York

    Course Length: 7,264 yards

    Architect: A.W. Tillinghast 

    1959:  Billy Casper, 282

    1974:  Hale Irwin, 287

    1984:  Fuzzy Zoeller, 276

    2006:  Geoff Ogilvy, 285

    It's been cruel to many golfers over the years.  Phil Mickelson and Colin Montgomerie both collapsed on the final hole in 2006.

Medinah Country Club Course: 3 US Opens

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    Medinah, Illinois

    Course Length: 7,401 yards

    Architect: Tom Bendelow

    1949:  Cary Middlecoff, 286

    1975:  Lou Graham, 287

    1990:  Hale Irwin, 280

    The place seems to produce odd winners.  Middlecoff was a dentist, Graham guarded the tomb of the unknown soldier and Hale Irwin played Division 1 football at Colorado-Boulder.

Merion East Course

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    Ardmore, Pennsylvania 

    Current Length:  6,846 yards

    Architect: Hugh Wilson

    1950:  Ben Hogan, 287

    1971:  Lee Trevino, 280

    1981:  David Graham, 273

    The Miracle took place here in 1950.  Hogan's win came a little more than a year after he nearly died in a car accident.  His main leg arteries had to be tied off and was told he would never walk again.  Somehow, he managed to make through the 36-hole Saturday and an 18-hole playoff Sunday.

Oak Hill Country Club East

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    Pittsford, New York

    Current Course Length: 7,145 yards

    Architect: Donald J. Ross

    1956:  Cary Middlecoff, 281

    1968:  Lee Trevino, 275 

    1989:  Curtis Strange, 278

    It constantly rates among the best courses in the country.

Shinnecock Hills Golf Club

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    Shinnecock Hills, New York

    Current Length: 6,996 yards

    Architect:  William Flynn 

    1986:  Raymond Floyd, 279

    1995:  Corey Pavin, 280

    2004:  Retief Goosen, 276

    It's remembered for Pavin's miracle four wood to beat Greg Norman.  The 2004 tournament proved to be another debacle for Phil Mickelson and for the USGA over the course set up.

Southern Hills Country Club

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    Tulsa, Oklahoma

    Current Length: 7,012 yards

    Architect: Perry Maxwell

    1958:  Tommy Bolt, 283

    1977:  Hubert Green, 278

    2001:  Retief Goosen, 276

     

    A bizarre and scary incident took place in the '77 Open.  Hubert Green received death threats and officials offered him the option to clear the course.  Green declined and went on to win.