The last time the World Cup was held in Brazil, Japan were banned from competing, as they were still occupied following the Second World War. Sixty-four years later, they will be hoping to make the most of their presence at their fifth consecutive World Cup.
Shinji Kagawa will be making his first appearance in this competition after missing out on the squad in 2010. He goes as one of his country's most important players, if not the most important, with Japan facing the difficult task of getting out Group of C.
Japan are the lowest-seeded team behind Colombia, Greece and Ivory Coast, but they will be hoping to qualify from the group to match their greatest record to date, of reaching the round of 16.
Whatever this summer may bring for the Manchester United man, he has had a few highlights to look back on during his journey up to the World Cup.
So, here's a quick look at Kagawa's international highlights.