The R&A have a formally established rotation for the Open Championship. Unlike the R&A, however, the United States Golf Association has no official “Open Rota.” The U.S. Open, rather, is played at a variety of courses.
There are, however, a few courses which host the tournament with regularity—Oakmont, for example, has hosted the U.S. Open in 1983, 1994 and 2007.
Oakmont is a spectacular venue, and one which certainly should be included in the U.S. Open rotation. There are 10 other courses, though, that have either never hosted a U.S. Open that should or should be featured more prominently in the informal rotation.
Since the first U.S. Open at Newport Country Club in 1895, in addition to Oakmont, five courses have hosted the competition five or more times.
The USGA has, seemingly, made a commitment to choose an increased number of public courses as U.S. Open host sites (Bethpage Black has hosted the tournament twice in the last 10 years) and to play the tournament at new venues, such as Chambers Bay in 2015 and Erin Hills in 2017 (which has already hosted the U.S. Amateur and was essentially built to host the U.S. Open).
If we take the essential characteristics of a U.S. Open venue to be tight, hard, often undulating fairways, lengthy primary rough, small, fast, undulating greens and substantial length, then the 10 venues will all perform admirably as host sites for our nation’s national championship.