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There are three Cuban defectors worth noting that fall into the same realm as Yoenis Cespedes. The two closest comparisons are Angels DH Kendrys Morales and White Sox outfielder Dayan Viciedo, with White Sox shortstop Alexei Ramirez as third comparison.
All have experience playing in the Cuban league and have had success in professional baseball.
Viciedo's numbers are murky, but he has two seasons between 2004-2005 in which he showed major improvement. He hit .337 with 14 home runs in his second season, leading to reaching the WBC roster in 2006, although he did not make the final cut.
Some projected him as a 30-plus home run guy, but so far he has not played a full season in the majors. He did hit 20 home runs in Triple-A for the second season in a row, and the White Sox hope that can translate in the pros.
Kendrys Morales was considered one of the best Cuban players in a generation, due in part to his clutch performances on the international stage.
Morales hit .324 with 21 home runs and a .390 OBP in 2002, followed by a shortened 2003 season when he hit .391 with nine home runs in 56 games.
Morales did not break out until 2009 after a few seasons of adjusting, and if it weren't for an injury in 2010, he would likely be the Angels starting first baseman.
Ramirez spent seven seasons in the Cuban league and has a career average of .335. The reason I include him in this list is because he has similar experience to Cespedes in the league, and has performed fairly well in the majors.
However, all three of the Cuban players discussed came at a significantly cheaper price than Cespedes will, and all have varying degrees of success thus far.