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The U.S. Open has been held every year since 1891. It has been the final Grand Slam of the Year since 1987. It is held the week before and after Labor Day weekend.
It moved to hard courts in Flushing Meadows, Queens, NY with the creation of the National Tennis Center in 1978.
It was previously held at the West Side Tennis Club on grass, and then clay during the final three years there. The U.S. Open was originally held at the Newport Casino in Newport, RI. It is now the site of the International Tennis Hall of Fame. Jimmy Connors is the only player, male or female to win the Open on all three surfaces.
In 1970, the U.S. became the first Grand Slam to utilize the tiebreaker. It is presently the only slam to use a tiebreak in the final set. The other three play out the final set. That creates the possibility of a 70-68 fifth set.
The dawn of the replay era likely began here as well.
Many point to a 2004 women’s quarterfinal between Jennifer Capriati and Serena Williams. Williams lost out on a few questionable calls, which it was later proven should have gone in her favor. Replay commenced two years later.
Connors, Pete Sampras, and Roger Federer have each won five titles in the Open era and Chris Evert’s six lead the women in the Open era.
The USTA opened Arthur Ashe stadium in 1997. It is named after the tennis great and former U.S. Davis Cup captain. It is the largest tennis stadium in the world.