Third baseman Gio Urshela was placed on the 10-day IL retroactive to Thursday with a groin strain in a corresponding move to create a spot on the Yanks' 25-man roster.
Voit last played in the majors on July 30. He compiled eight hits, including two home runs, during a recent four-game rehab assignment with the Triple-A Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders.
The 28-year-old Missouri State product has posted a .278/.392/.493 triple-slash line with 19 home runs in 94 appearances for the Yankees this season.
Voit told reporters earlier this month he probably rushed back too soon from his previous IL stint, which ran from late June through mid-July, but he now "feels pretty much back to normal."
He should slot back into his role as the Yanks' everyday first baseman with Mike Ford, who'd recently filled the void, receiving most of the starts at designated hitter.
Meanwhile, Urshela becomes the latest player to doing New York's star-studded injury list.
The 27-year-old Colombia native is in the midst of a breakout campaign. His OPS stands at .925, a massive increase from his previous career high of .609 over his first three seasons, and he's slugged 18 homers.
His absence will likely cause another shake up of the Yankees infield with DJ LeMahieu heading to third, Gleyber Torres playing second and Didi Gregorius handling shortstop.
New York is closing in on another AL East division title despite the injuries as they hold an 11-game lead on the Tampa Bay Rays with 27 games left in the regular season.