The AP announced its annual honor Wednesday (via ESPN.com).
"Winning the World Series, winning the MVP, you feel like you have everything," Altuve said. "But my perspective is to try and get better every year and if we win one World Series, why not win another one? Just keep playing for the team and keep playing for my city."
The Astros All-Star won the voting with 715 points, finishing ahead of New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady (646 points) and Cleveland Cavaliers forward LeBron James (626 points).
The Astros won their first World Series title this year by defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers in seven games. Altuve hit .310/.388/.634 with seven home runs in 18 playoff contests. He hit three homers in Game 1 of the ALDS against the Boston Red Sox, becoming one of 10 players in history to accomplish the feat in a postseason game.