There are several circuit types used in Formula One today.
The first, and most commonly encountered type is the "proper" circuit, race track or road course. Tracks like Silverstone, Monza, the Hungaroring and the Circuit of the Americas—designed and built for racing.
The second is the street circuit. Monaco and Singapore are run on real public roads, designed for road cars, and are lined with unforgiving barriers.
Montreal and Melbourne are also street circuits, but of a different breed. Both have run-off areas and a greater number of high-speed corners than their more tightly packed brothers.
The third type is the hybrid—tracks that have characteristics of both road and street circuits. Abu Dhabi tries to be part street circuit, part road course, while the now-departed Korea circuit was also designed with a "street" sector.
But, mostly, tracks are one or the other: road or street.
Here we compare the challenges a driver faces driving on a street circuit to those he'll encounter on a road course.
Though not an ideal phrase, for reasons of clarity, this article will use "road course" for the full-bodied "proper" race track.