European Transfer Window Power Rankings
Taking into account every transfer in and out of Europe's elite divisions, this week brought us yet another sample of early summer business—and we're not even in July yet.
These rankings aim to determine who's doing the best business not looking at just money spent or amount of players acquired, but the value of each purchase or sale to a respective squad within their own parameters.
As such, just about any team can come out on top of the standings, so long as their conduct is savvier than the rest.
To be specific, only deals with enough evidence to be termed as completed are counted in a club's summer window thus far, although speculation in heavy enough instances is considered.
Players marked with an asterisk(*) will complete the mentioned transfer on July 1, 2013 unless a deal has been struck to conclude said deal sooner.
Note: Details of any Premier League releases can be found in the BBC Sport transfer guide.
Movement: New Entry
Transfers In: Vitorino Antunes (Pacos de Ferreira, £1 million), Flavio Ferreira (Academica de Coimbra, £800,000), Edinho (Academica de Coimbra, Undisclosed)
Transfers Out: Joaquin (Fiorentina, Undisclosed), Edinho (Sporting Braga, Free)
After impressing with the Anchovies last season, Goal.com reported that Malaga attacker, Joaquin, would be jumping ship in favour of a move to Fiorentina this summer.
Meanwhile, Demotix has stated that farmed out striker, Edinho, has opted for a permanent switch to Portugal following the expiration of his contract in Spain.
Malaga have managed to make some decent defensive improvements this summer after Yahoo said that Ferreira would strengthen an aged backline in the centre of defence, while Antunes makes his move from Portugal a permanent one according to Sports Illustrated.
19. Borussia Monchengladbach
Movement: No Change
Transfers In: Max Kruse* (Freiburg, £2.2 million), Christoph Kramer (Bayer Leverkusen, Season-Long Loan)
Transfers Out: Igor de Camargo (Hoffenheim, £1 million), Mike Hanke (Freiburg, Free), Matthew Leckie (FSV Frankfurt, Undisclosed)
According to the club’s official website, Borussia Monchengladbach's Leckie will be leaving for FSV Frankfurt this summer. The Bundesliga’s official website added that de Camargo will depart for Hoffenheim come July.
On the inbound side of things, Goal.com have announced that the Foals will add Freiburg’s Kruse to their roster, however, making for a good bit of 'Gladbach dealing. Considering the transfer cost the club just over £2 million, the striker’s arrival is a small coup for Luicen Favre's side.
As part of the move, Hanke will switch in the opposite direction, according to the official Bundesliga website.
Coming to the Lower Rhine on loan, 'Gladbach have also made a slightly less impactful signature in Kramer, whose arrival Borussia Monchengladbach announced through their official website.
Movement: Down six
Transfers In: Hugo Campagnaro (Napoli, Free), Diego Laxalt (Defensor Sporting, £2 million), Ruben Botta (Tigre, Free), Marco Andreolli (Chievo, Free)
Transfers Out: None
Generally speaking, business appears to be moving quite slowly in Italy. This is unsurprising considering the financial constraints of most teams, in comparison to the rest of Europe's top leagues.
That being said, Inter would count as some of the earlier movers in this market, and have begun an early assault on the transfer market. They did well to bring in a combination of free signings, as well as those more expensive.
Although the move was announced by ESPN back in February, Campagnaro's move to Inter from Napoli will officially go through this July, regardless of the distance between the two teams this Serie A season.
The only fee Inter have paid for a player thus far was for Laxalt, while Goal.com have also told of Inter's capture of Juventus and Roma target, Botta.
Football Italia also publicised news of Andreolli's move to Inter after the defender reached the end of his contract with Chievo.
Movement: Down seven
Transfers In: Neymar (Santos, £48.6 million)
Transfers Out: Eric Abidal (Released)
A huge transfer, though it may be, the deal to take Neymar to Barcelona isn't quite enough to right the wrongs of the Spanish club's latest campaign. The highly sought after Brazilian will undoubtedly have his moments of brilliance at the Camp Nou, but to pay a large fortune for a 21-year-old only goes so far in impressing.
What's more, Barca have made none of that money back this summer, having sold not even a single player.
BBC Sport value the deal at a sum total of £48.6 million, although that price would seem to rest on the young Brazilian fulfilling numerous targets during his time at the Camp Nou.
On the departures list, Abidal also says an emotional farewell to the club who saw him through a liver transplant after not seeing his contract renewed, according to Sky Sports.
Given their internationally high status, Barca are unsurprisingly being linked with a wide assortment of players. It's unknown just how much they'll be hoping to spend after splashing so much on the services of just one star.
Movement: Up one
Transfers In: Joaquin (Málaga, Undisclosed), Marcos Alonso (Bolton Wanderers, Free), Oleksandr Yakovenko (Anderlecht, Free)
Transfers Out: None
This week saw Fiorentina add their third signing of the summer transfer window but the first transfer that has actually made them spend money.
Joaquin may be 31 years of age, but the Spaniard's arrival from Malaga gives La Viola an extra dimension in midfield, the details of which are discussed by Goal.com.
Alonso had a strange spell with Bolton Wanderers. However, he can get back on track to fulfilling his potential as a top-level full-back after Goal.com announced Fiorentina had agreed his free transfer with the Trotters, whose first team he made just 39 appearances for.
The former Real Madrid Castilla product isn't the only savvy transfer for La Viola this summer, however. ESPN reported that Yakovenko would also sign on a free after the Ukrainian spent a great deal of his development with Anderlecht.
15. Atletico Madrid
Movement: Down four
Transfers In: Leo Baptistao (Rayo Vallecano, £4 million), Jose Maria Gimenez (Danubio, £1 million), Thibaut Courtois (Chelsea, Season-Long Loan)
Transfers Out: Radamel Falcao (AS Monaco, £50 million)
With little going on for Atletico Madrid this past week, the £50 million departure of Falcao remains both the club's best and worst bit of business this summer (reported by BBC Sport).
Now, the long and arduous task of finding the Colombian's replacement begins.
A fortnight ago, Marca reported that 20-year-old attacker, Baptistao, would be arriving at the Vicente Calderon, although that's hardly a sufficient replacement.
Of course, the club still has a whole summer to continue their recruitment pledge. But Atleti minds would certainly rest easier with another keen goalscoring talent in the squad.
With Monaco happy to pay such an exorbitant fee for Falcao, Atleti now have a cool sum to spend on squad improvements. They've already reinvested 10 percent, after Sky Sports announced that the club had also brought young Gimenez to the club for less than £1 million.
14. Real Madrid
Movement: Down five
Transfers In: Dani Carvajal (Bayer Leverkusen, £5.5 million), Carlos Casemiro (Sao Paolo, £5.1 million)
Transfers Out: Ricardo Carvalho (AS Monaco, Free)
Still bereft of a management figure following the departure of Jose Mourinho several weeks ago, business has slowed for Real Madrid in recent days.
Real Madrid's official website announced in May that Carvajal would be returning to the Bernabeu from Bayer Leverkusen this summer.
However, the club have now announced another signature in Casemiro, the young Brazilian who spent a portion of the last campaign in the Spanish capital.
Sky Sports say the deal is worth the 21-year-old's Sao Paolo release clause of just over £5 million, a steal considering how much promise has been tipped of the defensive midfielder in recent years.
Totalling a little over £10 million, the signing of the two players is a highly valuable one that, in comparison, is worth just a fifth of rivals Barcelona's deal for Neymar.
With Carvalho reaching the end of his deal in the Spanish capital, and Sky Sports reporting of the defender's move to Monaco, there won’t be much fluctuation in the wage bill, either.
Movement: Up one
Transfers In: Andre Schurrle (Bayer Leverkusen, £18.7 million)
Transfers Out: Thibaut Courtois (Atletico Madrid, Season-Long Loan) Florent Malouda* (Released), Paulo Ferreira* (Retired), Ross Turnbull* (Released), Yossi Benayoun* (Released), Henrique Hilario* (Released)
The first signature of Mourinho's second reign as Chelsea boss, the deal is now in place for Schurrle's switch to Stamford Bridge. Only the formalities of a medical and personal terms are left to decide.
The German has long been supposed as a signing for the Blues, and should now complete the switch. It's the names heading out of the West London club that remain the biggest news.
One particular such face, albeit temporarily, is Courtois, who will join up with Atletico Madrid for a third consecutive season, as reported by the Daily Mail.
As has now been confirmed by BBC Sport, the above-mentioned barrage of released Chelsea veterans has been made official, freeing up a heap of wages for the club to recycle this summer.
12. Real Betis
Movement: Up three
Transfers In: Chuli (Recreativo de Huelva, £450,000), Cedric Mabwati (Numancia, Free), Juanfran (Real Madrid B, Free), Stephan Andersen (Evian, Free), Lorenzo Reyes (Huachipato, £840,000)
Transfers Out: Jose Canas (Swansea City, Free), Adrian (West Ham, Free)
On top of the last fortnight's slew of summer captures, this past week saw Real Betis announce the capture of Chilean Reyes, as reported by Yahoo.
Having lost two of their senior players to the Premier League on free transfers, one might be forgiven for thinking this a bad transfer window for Real Betis.
However, the La Liga side have been quick to replace their goalkeeper, as Yahoo! allege that Betis have brought Evian's Andersen over from Ligue 1, also on a free.
In fact, the only money Real Betis have spent this summer so far has been on the £450,000 signature of Chuli from Deportivo Huelva, reported by Soccerfame.
11. Norwich City
Movement: Down five
Transfers In: Ricky van Wolfswinkel (Sporting Lisbon, £8.5 million), Javier Garrido (Lazio, Undisclosed)
Transfers Out: Chris Martin (Derby County, Free), Marc Tierney (Bolton Wanderers, Free), Simeon Jackson* (Released), Lee Camp (Released), Elliot Ward (Released), Korey Smith (Released), Tom Adeyemi (Released)
Despite their quick business this summer, a lot of Norwich City's transfer window sheen is now beginning to dull as other clubs get up to speed.
The Canaries have completed a fairly large deal compared to their usual spectrum after sealing a swoop for Sporting Lisbon’s van Wolfswinkel back in March, as reported by Sky Sports.
The Dutchman will arrive at Carrow Road in an official sense this July, along with Lazio signing Garrido. BBC Sport alleged Garrido would make the deal long-term after he enjoyed a successful term on loan with the Canaries in 2012-13.
At the moment, departures still account for a major part of Chris Hughton’s business, with seven players released, although that's not to make light of those departures' importance.
10. Bayer Leverkusen
Movement: New entry
Transfers In: Son Heung-Min (Hamburg, £8.5 million), Andres Palop (Sevilla, Free), Robbie Kruse (Fortuna Dusseldorf, £1.94 )
Transfers Out: Daniel Schwaab (VfB Stuttgart, Free), Junior Fernandes (Dinamo Zagreb, Season-Long Loan), Hajime Hosogai (Hertha Berlin, Undisclosed), Daniel Carvajal (Real Madrid, £5.5 million), Michal Kadlec (Fenerbahce, Undisclosed), Michael Rensing (Fortuna Dusseldorf, Free), Christoph Kramer (Season-Long Loan, Borussia Monchengladbach)
Some may look at the players to have left Bayer Leverkusen this summer and feel that the side are a considerably weaker one than those who finished third in the Bundesliga last season.
However, as the Guardian state, the German side has moved swiftly to replace the void left by Schurrle with Hamburg's Heung-Min, whom many will feel can fulfill the position more than adequately.
On top of the South Korean's purchase, die Werkself have also been reported by Sky Sports as bringing in Palop as cover to Bernd Leno. Kruse also arrives from Fortuna Dusseldorf, according to the official Bundesliga website.
As mentioned earlier, the official Real Madrid website announced that the Spanish club had chosen to exercise their buy-back option for right-back Dani Carvajal
On the other side of defence, Leverkusen also lose left-back Kadlec to Fenerbahce for an undisclosed fee, according to the official Bundesliga website. Bundesliga have also reported on Schwaab's summer switch to Stuttgart as a free transfer.
If that weren't enough for departures from the BayArena, the club website says that Kramer heads to Borussia Monchengladbach on loan while Fernandes was announced as a Dinamo Zagreb loan signing by Sports Illustrated.
Movement: Down two
Transfers In: Modibo Diakite (Lazio, Free), Cabral (FC Basel, Free), Duncan Watmore (Altrincham, Undisclosed), Valentin Roberge (Maritimo, Free)
Transfers Out: Titus Bramble* (Released), Matt Kilgallon* (Released), Ryan Noble* (Released)
After a heap of speculation, Sky Sports confirmed last week what plenty of Sunderland fans will have been hoping to hear for some time.
Paolo Di Canio's defence has received some major reinforcements with Diakite, Cabral and Roberge arriving at the club from Lazio, FC Basel and Maritimo, respectively, and all on free transfers.
With such a big announcement, the Italian manager has created a certain expectation about this summer, and just how much business will get done at the club in the coming months.
The triple signing is some very smart business for the north east outfit, and is evidence of the links that Di Canio brings to the club.
BBC Sport have also reported that the new Black Cats boss has already agreed to let Bramble and Kilgallon leave the club, with the expiration of their contracts coming in several weeks’ time.
Movement: No change
Transfers In: Lazar Markovic (Benfica, Undisclosed), Filip Djuricic (Heerenveen, £5 million), Miralem Sulejmani (Ajax, Free), Jorge Rojas (Club Cerro Porteno, £1 million), Uros Matic (Kosice, Free)
Transfers Out: Pablo Aimar (Released), Luciano Teixeira (Metz, Free)
In what's been a very odd deal, Chelsea were reported by Sky Sports last week as saying that they already owned the player rights to Partizan Belgrade's Markovic. However, it looks as if Benfica disproved that notion after Sky Sports' announced that the club had brought in the young Serbian forward themselves.
Prior to that, Djuricic’s £5 million arrival from Heerenveen (as reported by Goal.com) was the most expensive signing for Benfica so far this summer.
Portuguese newspaper Record (article in Portuguese) have reported that Teixeira, Benfica's young defensive midfielder, will leave for French shores this summer, joining up with Metz.
Rojas, a centre-back from Paraguay, is also a valuable signing this summer after Radio e Televisao de Portugal (via SoccerNews) reported the player's move being worth a fee of just over £1 million.
Uros Matic will also get to play alongside older sibling, Nemanja, after the Serbian was reported by Portuguese outlet Record (article in Portuguese) as agreeing a free transfer.
Ajax's Sulejmani will complete a similar move, according to Spanish newspaper Sport (via SoccerNews).
7. Manchester City
Movement: Down two
Transfers In: Jesus Navas (Sevilla, £14.9 million), Fernandinho (Shakhtar Donetsk, £30 million)
Transfers Out: Kolo Toure (Liverpool, Free), Wayne Bridge (Reading, Free), Roque Santa Cruz* (Released)
Following a slow start to the summer window, Manchester City are quickly making up for lost time. City have spent big after the Telegraph's John Percy announced the signings of Fernandinho and Navas.
The Guardian has reported that Toure will make his way to Liverpool as a free transfer, freeing up some part of the wage structure that was otherwise going to waste at the Etihad.
Also, BBC Sport has reported Bridge as joining Reading after seeing his contract with the club run out, while Santa Cruz enters free agency.
6. Bayern Munich
Movement: Down three
Transfers In: Mario Götze (Borussia Dortmund, £34m), Jan Kirchhoff (Mainz, Free)
Transfers Out: Nils Petersen (Werder Bremen, £2.5 million), Anatoliy Tymoshchuk (Zenit St. Petersburg, Free)
Having slowed slightly in their summer progress, Bayern Munich can't help but drop in the rankings as the rest of Europe continue to invest in their squads.
Götze was already one of the hottest commodities in world football during his final months at Borussia Dortmund. Sky Sports' April announcement that the German superstar would be moving to the Allianz Arena has only strengthened the Champions League title holders.
Along with Götze, der FCB have also made a much more economically friendly move for Mainz’s Kirchhoff as a free transfer, also according to Sky Sports.
Those moves represent valuable shifting of some Bayern fringe players.
5. Aston Villa
Movement: New entry
Transfers In: Aleksandar Tonev (Lech Poznan, Undisclosed), Jores Okore (FC Nordsjaelland, Undisclosed), Leandro Bacuna (FC Groningen, Undisclosed), Antonio Luna (Sevilla, £1.5 million)
Transfers Out: Stilyan Petrov (Retired, now in coaching staff role), Richard Dunne (Released), Jean Makoun (Rennes, Undisclosed), Eric Lichaj (Released), Andy Marshall (Released)
It's been a hectic seven days for Paul Lambert at Aston Villa. The Scot has continued to inject a healthy dose of youth into his side, while letting go of some older fringe players in the meantime.
The most recent announcement by the Birmingham outfit came in the shape of Luna, who the Daily Mail's Neil Moxley says will soon join from Sevilla for a fee of £1.5 million.
Last week, it was reported by BBC Sport that Tonev would be Lambert's first signing of the summer period. The Bulgarian's arrival was quickly followed up by the Guardian's report of Lambert's dual signatures of Okore and Bacuna, formerly of FC Nordsjaelland and FC Groningen, respectively.
Okore's signature is a particularly exciting one for Villa fans, considering the young Dane is reported to have turned down a move to Chelsea in January after the Blues clashed with the 20-year-old in their Champions League group fixtures.
On the outbound list, BBC Sport reported in April that Makoun had agreed a permanent move to Rennes after moving to France on loan in January. He hardly even featured for the Villans during his time in England.
In addition, Dunne and Lichaj have also been let go by the club, with other sales expected to follow up their free departures.
4. VfB Stuttgart
Movement: Up nine
Transfers In: Mohammed Abdellaoue (Hannover 96, Undisclosed), Moritz Leitner (Borussia Dortmund, Two-Season Loan), Gotoku Sakai (Albirex Niigata, £1 million), Thorsten Kirschbaum (Energie Cottbus, Free), Daniel Schwaab (Bayer Leverkusen, Free), Sercan Sararer (Greuther Furth, Free), Konstantin Rausch (Hannover, Free), Marco Rojas (Melbourne Victory, Free)
Transfers Out: Marc Ziegler (Retired), Mamadou Bah (Released)
As if their six signings so far this summer weren't enough, Stuttgart have pushed the boat out with a further two acquisitions in the past week.
Abdellaoue gives the club an assured striking presence up front after arriving from Hannover (reported by Sky Sports). The Bundesliga's official website gives details of Leitner's two-season loan from Borussia Dortmund.
The official Bundesliga website announced back in January that Sakai would join up with the club until 2016. It also reported more recently that Schwaab and Rausch would also be added to the roster, both as free transfers.
According to the official Bundesliga website, the only departures from Stuttgart this summer are Bah, who's agreed to earn a new contract with the club, as well as the retiring Ziegler.
Movement: Up one
Transfers In: Fernando Amorebieta (Athletic Bilbao, Free), Derek Boateng (Dnipro, Free), Sascha Riether (Cologne, Undisclosed), Maarten Stekelenburg (AS Roma, Undisclosed)
Transfers Out: Simon Davies* (Released), Giorgos Karagounis* (Released), Chris Baird* (Released), Mahamadou Diarra* (Released), Mladen Petric* (Released)
While the signings at Craven Cottage so far this summer aren't quite sensational in status, it's the balance that Martin Jol has managed to strike between those going out of the club and those coming in that earns Fulham a high ranking.
Literally months before the transfer market had officially opened, the Express had reported the Cottagers' triple signings of Amorebieta, Boateng and Riether, the former two of which were on free transfers.
Adding to that, Goal.com have also stated that Stekelenburg has completed a medical before sealing his move to West London for an undisclosed fee.
Along with those coming into the club, BBC Sport have also announced a flood of names leaving the West London club including Davies, Karagounis, Diarra and Chris Baird.
2. AS Monaco
Movement: Down one
Transfers In: Falcao (Atletico Madrid, £50 million), Joao Moutinho (Porto, £21.5 million), James Rodriguez (Porto, £38.5 million), Ricardo Carvalho (Real Madrid, Free)
Transfers Out: None
While not for lack of wanting, Monaco's insane spending spree has hit an obstacle of late. The club has been restricted from splashing the cash that it so clearly desires, seeing the French side drop ever so slightly in our rankings as a result.
Falcao, widely regarded as one of the best finishers in world football, remains one of the biggest deals this summer, after BBC Sport announced the South American's £50 million move to the tax-free state.
The BBC have also proclaimed that Falcao’s Colombian compatriot, Rodriguez, will be joining the former Atletico Madrid forward at Monaco. As part of a £60 million double deal with Porto, the agreement also includes the signature of Moutinho.
Veteran Carvalho is a sole defensive recruitment from Real Madrid on a free after his deal expired in the Spanish capital, according to BBC Sport.
As of yet, the French side are yet to officially sell any of their stars, but one can bet they’ll have to make room given the swift nature of their spending pattern.
1. FC Porto
Movement: Up one
Transfers In: Hector Herrera (Pachuca, £7.5 million), Diego Reyes (Club America, £6 million), Lica (Estoril, Undisclosed), Carlos Eduardo (Estoril, £750,000), Josue (Pacos de Ferreira, Undsiclosed), Tiago Rodrigues (Vitoria de Guimaraes, Undiclosed), Ricardo Pereira (Vitoria de Guimaraes, Undiclosed)
Transfers Out: Moutinho (AS Monaco, £21.5 million), Rodriguez (AS Monaco, £38.5 million)
Conducting no less than nine deals so far this summer, Porto are having a characteristically busy transfer period, and one that continues to work in their favour.
The club have once again orchestrated some excellent transfer dealing by selling Moutinho and Rodriguez to AS Monaco for a combined £60 million, according to BBC Sport.
What's even better for the Dragons is that they've already gone a way in replenishing their ranks while spending just a fraction of that sum. This is in-keeping with the transfer policy that has made the Portuguese champions such a profitable machine in recent years.
Speaking to Portuguese publication O Jogo (h/t Goal.com), Herrera said that he has "Given his word to Porto" and the 23-year-old will be expected to play in a similar role to the departed Moutinho.
Herrera will accompany fellow Mexican, Reyes, to the Estadio Dragao after Goal.com reported that the former Club America defender would link up with the Portuguese giants for a fee of £6 million.
It's also been reported on Demotix.com that Porto completed a double swoop for Vitoria de Guimaraes pair, Rodrigues and Eduardo.
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