NCAA Tournament 2013: Breaking Down the Business Behind March Madness

Patrick Clarke@@_Pat_ClarkeCorrespondent IMarch 21, 2013

With most of America's eyes glued to the television screen come NCAA tournament time every March, there's a lot of money gained and lost over the course of the Big Dance.

Whether it's a business leaking money because of distracted employees acting as amateur bracketologists or a well-known company capitalizing on the millions of eyeballs watching its commercial, the happenings off the court this time of year are every bit as important as the results on it.

Below, we have some of the eye-popping business behind March Madness, courtesy of CNN Sports Business Analyst Rick Horrow:

The first two days of March Madness will cost businesses $134 million in lost productivity, according to the firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas. An estimated three million employees will spend three hours watching the games at work.

Nike continues to win the apparel war, as its affiliated brands sponsor 52 of the 68 tournament teams. Thirteen schools, including three of the four No. 1 seeds, are outfitted by Adidas.

For the third straight year, the NCAA had the “First Four” play-in games at University of Dayton Arena. The combination of the “First Four,” plus hosting second- and third-round games, is expected to generate $8 million for the economy.

In 2010, CBS and Turner Sports partnered on a 14-year, $10.4 billion deal to buy the NCAA men’s basketball tournament rights. The deal is worth nearly $771 million annually, or 90 percent of the NCAA’s 2012-13 revenue. By comparison, rights to the women’s tournament are reportedly $17 million per year.

Why can CBS and Turner afford to spend so much on the tournament? According to research from Kantar Media, ad revenue from the tournament topped $1 billion for the first time last year, and that total will grow this year. No other sport’s postseason has hit the $1 billion milestone.

Thirty-second ads during this year’s championship game could reach $1.4 million, according to AdWeek. That’s nearly three times the cost of an ad during the World Series, but still well off from the $3.8 million CBS pulled in per 30-second spot during February’s Super Bowl.

Companies expected to advertise heavily throughout the tournament? AT&T, Capital One, CDW, Coca-Cola, Domino’s, Dove Men + Care and Northwestern Mutual. Non-NCAA partners such as Pizza Hut, Spam and Hooters are launching social media campaigns in order to avoid paying the high price tag to use phrases such as “Final Four” and “March Madness.”

This year’s Final Four takes place April 6-8 at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta. Officials expect 100,000 people to visit the city from out of town, staying in an estimated 10,000 hotel rooms and bringing $70 million in economic impact.

How far has the tournament come? When Jim Valvano’s N.C. State Wolfpack won the national championship 30 years ago, the Final Four was played at University Arena in Albuquerque, New Mexico, which had just 18,000 seats. These days, the only venues considered to host the Final Four are massive indoor venues. Games have been played at NFL stadiums every year since 2009, with the next three scheduled for Cowboys Stadium (2014), Lucas Oil Stadium (2015) and Reliant Stadium (2016).

Be sure to stay updated throughout March Madness using Bleacher Report's live 2013 NCAA Tournament bracket. And remember to download and print out your own bracket.

Follow all the exciting NCAA tournament action with March Madness Live.

Follow Bleacher Report Featured Columnist Patrick Clarke on Twitter. 

Follow _Pat_Clarke on Twitter

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