Dwight Howard and Andrew Bogut: A Tale of Two 2011 All-NBA Defensive Centers

JD MoContributor IApril 19, 2011

Dwight Howard goes up to block a drive by the Hawks' Josh Smith.
Dwight Howard goes up to block a drive by the Hawks' Josh Smith.J. Meric/Getty Images

Dwight, Dwight, Dwight, hey Dwight—like the talking basketball in the playoffs commercial, 114 of 120 ballots for 2011 Defensive Player of the Year named Dwight Howard No. 1 and the Orlando Magic center became the first player in NBA history to collect three straight DPOY awards.

The odd surprise was that it wasn't unanimous. The true surprise was that so few of the ballots—only six—named as No. 2 the center who led the NBA in blocked shots per game, Milwaukee Bucks center Andrew Bogut.

Adding insult to small market center injury, only 14 voters deemed Bogut's defense worthy of a third-place pick, meaning that Bogut was omitted on 100 of the 120 ballots cast by the men and women in media covering the NBA. Only one ballot omitted Howard.

West Coast bias is one factor. Celtics love is another. But 100 omissions of Bogut is a little scary when one considers that the people casting votes were, ostensibly, paying attention to the league they cover. At last check, the Milwaukee Bucks were still in the league, I'm fairly certain. They appeared to be, anyway, the last time I checked the final standings.

In watching a thousand or so hours of NBA basketball and assiduously tracking a season's worth of defensive ratings and other statistics, as I did, one truth stands tall about the NBA's impact defenders: There is Superman and there is Andrew Bogut...and then there's everybody else, Kevin Garnett and Grizzlies sixth man Tony Allen, a Celtic last season, leading the pack.

Howard this week joined Dikembe Mutombo (four DPOYs) and Big Ben Wallace (four also) as the only players in NBA history to win the award more times than Bucks should-be Hall of Famer Sidney Moncrief won it in the first two years of its existence (1983 and 1984).

Howard was again the highest-rated defender in the league (94.0 team points allowed per 100 possessions) and also led in "Defensive Plays" (blocks + steals + est. charges taken) with 3.88 per game. He was fourth in blocked shots (2.4 per game) and hauled in 14.1 rebounds per game, finishing third in defensive rebounding rate, grabbing 30.6 percent of opponent misses.

Bogut finished fourth in defensive rating (97.3) and led the league in shot blocking (2.6 per game). Bogut grabbed a career-best 11.1 rebounds per game and ended the season sixth in defensive rebounding rate at 27.1 percent. He also took an estimated 32 charges, pulling in right behind Howard with 3.8 "defensive plays" per game.

Those "defensive plays" are quantifiable "stops" that disrupt the opposition and, in Bogut's case, usually force a change of possession because most of his blocks stay in bounds and are recovered by the Bucks.

Howard, by choice, tries to intimidate opponents by rejecting shots into the expensive seats. A quick estimate says that half of Howard's "defensive plays" force possession change, compared to about 75 percent of Bogut's.

But the quantifiable plays tell only part of the story.

Individual statistics don't capture the number of shots a big man alters in a game, the number of passes he tips or forces out of bounds by denying the ball in the post, nor the number of rushed shot-clock prayers and weak side offense that result from denying the post, nor the turnovers forced by playing good help defense.

And the box score stats certainly don't quantify when opposing offensive players opt for low-percentage perimeter shots simply because Howard or Bogut is patrolling the paint.

Magic opponents shot a fourth-worst 43.6 percent from the field. Bucks' opponents shot 44.7 percent, the sixth-best defensive mark in the league, and a third-lowest 33.6 percent from three-point land, a testament to the fact that the Bucks don't sag too deep to the paint and rarely double-team the post. Bogut's not given, nor does he require, defensive help.

The results showed on the scoreboard: Howard's Magic played the third-best defense in the NBA (102.1 pts allowed/100 poss). Bogut's Bucks were right behind the Magic in fourth (102.5 pts/100).

How good are Howard and Bogut? The Bulls (100.3 pts/100) and Celtics (100.3 pts/100) play the best team defense in the NBA. As such, there are nine Bulls and Celtics in the individual defensive ratings top 20. There are only two Magic and Bucks—Howard and Bogut, though in January and February Bucks forward Ersan Ilyasova climbed as high as 17th in the ratings.

This means that the Magic and Bucks defenses, ranked third and fourth, allowed significant increases in opponent scoring when Howard and Bogut were not on the court. For the Magic, the increase was monumental—an estimated 16-plus points per 100 possessions, placing the Magic's non-Howard defense above the league average of 107.3.

But Howard was on the court 74 percent of the Magic's season. Bogut played 57.8 percent of the Bucks season, with the Bucks D giving up an estimated 9.5 more points per 100 possessions when their center was on the bench or missing 17 games.

It's downright unreasonable to expect Superman endurance from any player, but 67 percent on-court time this season from Bogut would almost certainly have pushed the Bucks into the playoffs. As it turned out, the Bucks were within a buzzer-beater in Indiana April 1 of seizing the eighth playoff spot in the East with Bogut's 58 percent playing time contribution.

Therein, however, lies the main difference between Howard and Bogut and one reason that Bogut—whom some considered the leading DPOY candidate until the Bucks' February swoon—wasn't more seriously considered, even as a No. 2 candidate. 

The Magic are in the playoffs with home court advantage against the Atlanta Hawks; the injury-addled Bucks defied expectations by missing the playoffs, and Bogut this month underwent a second surgery on his mangled right arm, which was never fully functioning this season.

Yet despite the 17 missed games, it may surprise many postseason awards voters that Bogut logged more minutes (2,297) than Tyson Chandler (2,059) played for the Mavericks, and he had more on-court time than the Spurs' defensive anchor, Tim Duncan (2,156 minutes).

Chandler had a nice season in Dallas, but the individual and team statistics don't lie—Bogut not only played more but had the more Howard-like impact, and it wasn't really close. Wilson Chandler blocked more shots than Tyson did.

In 2011 Bogut made more defensive plays than Duncan or Chandler, opponents shot a lower percentage against his Bucks than against the Spurs or Mavs and scored less -- a pace-adjusted 4.2 points per 100 fewer than Duncan allowed and 5.3 fewer than Chandler. Those differences were big and obvious to those who watched Bogut defend in 2011.

The concern here is that many awards voters apparently didn't see the Bucks play this season, or, if they did, were paying more attention to the Bucks' (and Bogut's) missed shots than to the Bucks center's All-NBA defense.

As Duncan would attest, post defense isn't about spectacular blocks or rabid intensity during fourth quarter stands in close games, or about altercations instigated on national TV; it's about persistence and positioning; sweaty, possession-to-possession leverage; and about minding the weak side rotations and driving lanes.

Howard and Bogut persist as masters of these defensive arts in the paint, and if they sometimes make it look too easy, one can only hope the awards voters aren't fooled.  When the All-Defensive Teams are unveiled, I hope the voters don't make the same mistakes they made on their Defensive Player of the Year ballots.

Howard, of course, will be the first-team center. And there should be Bogut, deserving of his rightful spot as No. 2.  Careful now!!! There are only two NBA All-Defensive teams...and that third step down for the centers is kinda steep.

J.D. Mo is the perpetrator-in-chief of The Bob Boozer Jinx, an Milwaukee Bucks/all things NBA blog. If you're like me and convinced that the Bucks are still an NBA franchise, stop by at the Jinx this week for my 2011 player reviews, none of which will be as long as this one, I promise. Cheers!


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