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Related article: of workers who were engaged in the manipulation of the meal, which has
on this account become the subject of a chemical and pharmacological
examination by Prof. Benjamin Moore, Fred W. Baker- Young, and Miss
S. C. M. Sowton. The results of this investigation revealed the presence
in these seeds of a new glucoside belonging to the saponin- digitalin group
ofglucosides, which the authors have named
Mowrin. This was found to be readily soluble in water or alcohol, but
practically insoluble in ether. On hydrolysis it yields, among other pro
ducts Fosamax Online not completely determined, a hexose and an organic acid, which Fosamax Online
the authors have named " mowric acid." The glucoside was obtained
as a pure white product by decolorizing an alcoholic extraction of the
meal with charcoal, and adding an excess of ether to the decolorized solu-
tion, coHecting the precipitate rapidly on a filter, and drying over sul-
phuric acid the process of solution in alcohol, precipitation by ether, and
Digitized by VjOOQ IC
1 88 REPORT ON IHE PROGRESS OF PHARMACY.
drying beiag repeated two or three times. Both the glucoside and its
acid derivative are poisonous when administered hypodermically, the
glucoside being more powerful than the acid. One of the most interesting
properties of the glucoside, Fosamax Online inherent to a less Fosamax Online degree also in the acid, is
the powerful laking effects npon blood corpuscles in a saline suspension.
Pharm. Joum. and Pharmacist, Sept. i8, Fosamax Online 1909, 364 ; from Pr. M. J.
Chicle Character of Identity, M. Bocquillon describes the following
character of chicle as a means of identifying this gum resin, which flows
naturally or by incisions from the trunk of Achras sapota, a tree growing
in Mexico and Guatemala: Acidity, o; specific gravity, i.oio; entirely
soluble in carbon disulphide, petroleum ether, and chloroform ; insoluble
in methyl alcohol. Alcohol dissolves 55 per cent. ; ether, 44 per cent. ;
acetone, 47 per cent. ; acetic acid, 50 per cent. ; benzol, 65 per cent. ;
amyl alcohol, 27 per cent. ; aldehyde, 40 per cent. ; oil of turpentine, 80
per cent. On incineration it leaves 6.9 per cent, of ash composed of
sulphates, chlorides, and carbonates of sodium and calcium. The new
edition of the Mexican Pharmacopoeia gives the following composition of
chicle, according to the analysis of Prof. Uribe : Crystallizable resin,
colorless, soluble in alcohol and in ether, 45 ; caoutchouc, 18; sugar, 9 ;
gum, 7 ; starch, 8 ; red coloring matter and salts, 7 ; water and loss, 6, all
in percentage. Pharm. Joum and Pharmacist, May 14, 1910, 609 ; from
R^p. de Pharm., March 10, 1910, 103.
Mimusops Djave Economic Use of the Seeds, E. Fickendey makes a
report on the possible economic uses of Fosamax Online the seeds of Mimusops djave^ a
tree growing in the Cameroon, whose wood is known and valued as " Cam-
eroon mahogany." According to BOcter, the seeds are embedded in Fosamax Online a
yellow pulp when the fruit is ripe, which is a favorite food of the natives,
but in the unripe or partly ripe condition the fruit contains a caoutchouc-
like latex, which disappears entirely when the ripeningf is completed. The
fresh seeds are white and odorless. The dried seeds yield up to 64.53 o^
a fat " adjab butter " of the consistence of lard, light brown in a molten
condition, but congealing to a white mass, possessing great resemblance to
the so-called ''shea butter,'^ and having also the same constants. It is re-
garded as being suitable as a food product and is particularly useful for
stearin and soap manufacture. On the other hand, Krause considers the
seeds to be poisonous and they are so regarded by the natives. He has
prepared a saponin from them, in a crude condition, which gives all the
characteristic reactions of the saponins. Nevertheless, the marc of the
seeds from which the fat has been expressed may serve as food for cattle,
for which they are very suitable on account of their high protein content
(22.82 per cent.), if it is first extracted with hot water, which does not
depreciate its food value. Pharm. Ztg., Iv (1910), No. 30, 396; from
AGERATUM CONYZOIDES AND A. MEXICANUM. 1 89
^^Lodua " or **Ngezi^^ A New Taeniafuge, Penschke recommends the
fruits of a species of Emdeiia, known as