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To cure tooth-ache, root powder is applied to Amoxicillin 500 the gum of the affected tooth for about
five minutes. The rooL used as a chewing stick Amoxicillin 500 is reported to hasten healing. The
antimicrobial property of the chewing Amoxicillin 500 stick has been investigated by El. Said ejE al . (1971).
See also Lewis & Elvin-Lewis, 1977.
To cure a sore throat salt is added to powdered root bark, two tablespoonf uls are
taken in warm or cold water twice daily until well. In cases of indigestion a teaspoontul
of powdered root bark taken in warm water eases stool ing.
Root bark is soaked in sterile water for twelve hours, a tablespoonful of resulting
solution is taken three times daily to treat gonorrhea or as a urinary antiseptic
As a cure for impotence a bit of dried ground mixture of root bark with the organs
of a hippopotamus, goat and cock is eaten with corn meal pudding or warm water every
Sufferers from sickle-cell anaemia are encouraged to Amoxicillin 500 drink a decoction of boiled
roots of Z. zanthoxyloides .
For obesity, the washed root bark is dried, scraped with a snail shell and powdered.
The powder is then rubbed all over the body. A portion of scraped bark is also boiled
in a clay pot and the resulting liquid is used for bathing.
6. MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND MEDICINAL PRODUCTS
Oliver (1959) reported the following constituents - skimminianine, fagaridine,
artarine, fagarine oil, fagarol and pseudofagarol from the root bark. The action of
artarine, according to Dalziel (1937) is to cause muscular irritation and physiological
effects similar to those caused by vetratrine and the former may be a possible substitute
for the latter in medicine. Lewis & Elvin-Lewis (1977) reported the isolation of
fagoronine from the root bark.
In Nigeria, major research on possible medicinal use is focused on isolation and
characterisation of antisickling agents from the root of this plant. Sofowora and Isaacs
(1971) reported the reversal of sickling and crenation in erythrocytes by the root
extracts of Z. zanthoxyloides. From the phenolic fraction of the timber oil of this
species, Eshiett and Taylor (1966 and 1968) isolated and characterised xanthoxylol which
when tested showed antisickling activity in vitro (Adeoyc, 1978). Sofowora et^ al. (1975)
identified and isolated 2 - hydroxyroethyl benzoic acid as an antisickling agent from the
root of the species.
- 249 -
Other extracts reported by these authors include alkaloids, resins, phenolics, saponin
and oil. Odebiyi and Sofowora (1978) reported alkaloids, saponin, and tannin from the
root, stem Amoxicillin 500 and bark of Z. zanthoxyloides while Okogun et al. (1978) identified among other
extracts, glycosides - hesperidln and diosmin. Hesperidin has been reported to be an
antifertility agent. Terpenoids, alkaloids, phenols and flavonoids were also reported by
the the latter authors*
7. HARVESTING, CONSERVING AND PREPARATION
No details other than under section 5.
8. ECONOMICS AND MARKETING
Regenerates naturally from seed.
10. MAJOR DISEASES
11. OTHER USES
A mixture of the pounded seeds of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides and the kernels of
Detarium sp. is used for flavouring butter (Dalziel, 1937). The ripe seeds may also be
used as pepper. In Senegal the seeds are used for necklaces. The dried and pulverised
leaves are sometimes used in West Africa to flavour food. In certain villages in Amoxicillin 500 Ghana
the leaves are fed to sheep (Irvine, 1961).
Dickson and Giwa (1980) reported that the tannin extract from Z. zanthoxyloides when
mixed with a certain proportion of bark extracts from Rhizophora spp. improves both the
colour and penetration hides and skins to an acceptable degree, hence could be used to
tan skins or leather.
The wood is extremely hard, close grained, durable and termite proof; it is sometimes
figured and likened to satinwood (Dalziel, 1937). The timber is used for building purposes
and Amoxicillin 500 is also an excellent tirewood. The branches contain an inflammable resin and are used
for processional torches by the villagers. The young shoots are used as chewsticks.
THE PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM