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Related article: lobed almost to the base, lobes subcircular, c.lmm long, 1mm wide, imbricate; petals
cream, free, oblong-ovate, 4mm long, 2.5mm wide, contorted in bud; stamens or staminodes
8, united into Aciphex 20 Mg a tube; disk orange-red, cushion-shaped, fused to the base of the ovary
but free from the staminal tube; ovary 4-celled. Fruit an upright, almost spherical,
woody capsule, 4-6cm in diameter, opening by 4 valves from the apex; seeds 6 or more per
cell, broadly transversely ellipsoid to flat, c.25mm long, 18mm wide, margins narrowly
Flowering shortly before or early during the rainy season, the fruits apparently
remaining on the tree throughout the dry season.
4. ESTABLISHED MODERN PHARMACEUTICAL USES
None known so far.
5. FOLK MEDICINAL USES
The bark is very bitter and has a considerable reputation among Africans as a fever
remedy, and is even called "Quinquina du Senegal". The bark can be boiled Aciphex 20 Mg and the
decoction drunk at intervals as specified by the herbalist, fresh bark macerated in cold
water and the infusion drunk, or the dry pulverised bark mixed with salt and taken in
small doses every second day. The bark is also used as a vermifuge, taenicide, depurative
and for treating syphilis. Crushed bark and seeds are regarded as emmenagogue.
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The bark is also used in traditional veterinary practice. For cattle suffering from
liver fluke and infusion made by steeping the bark in a mixture of bran and water is given
as a draught. Dried and pulverised bark is used as a dressing for ulcers on camels,
horses and donkeys; and a decoction of the bark is sometimes used as a lotion for any
ulcer or wound. A concoction of the bark is given to horses for internal ailments
associated with Aciphex 20 Mg mucous diarrhoea.
6. MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND MEDICINAL PRODUCTS
The timber, bark, roots, leaves and seeds have been extensively examined. They
contain the following specific limonoid compounds: khivorin, 7-ketokhivorin, 3-deacetyl-
khivorin, 3:7-diacetylkhivorin, 3-deacetyl-7-ketokhivorin, 7-ketogedunin, methyl
angolensate, methyl-6-hydroxy angolensate, mexicanolide, 6-hydroxy mexicanolide, 6-deoxy
swietenolide esters, and khayasin. The last compound is characteristic and has been
found in the timber of no other species.
n-Alkanes from C to C , with C and C as the most abundant, are present in the
The bark also contains 2,6-dimethoxy--benzoquinone Aciphex 20 Mg , -sitosterol and its
-D-glucoside, catechin tannins, and saponins.
The gum is rich in polysaccharides identified by Aspinall Aciphex 20 Mg and co-workers.
7. HARVESTING, CONSERVING AND PREPARATION
Almost exclusive use Aciphex 20 Mg of bark and occasionally seed.
8. ECONOMICS AND MARKETING
Local collection for domestic use.
Natural regeneration from seed is poor, though it grows well from seed and
transplants well. It largely reproduces itself from suckers and is recommended for
10. MAJOR DISEASES
11. OTHER USES
It is one of the common African mahoganies whose timber has been widely used on a
commercial scale, particularly from West Africa. The wood is the hardest of the Khaya
species and is also used in railway-carriage construction or for sleepers. The bark
is used in tanning. The leaves are used as fodder for cattle and camels though not
very palatable. The tree is used in the Ivory Coast as an ingredient in arrow poison.
Bark scales are sometimes used as a fish poison. The timber of this species was the
first known of the African mahoganies, and was exported from Gambia to Europe in the
early part of the 19th century. The Aciphex 20 Mg presence of oleo-resin in the vessels of Khaya
species accounts for the durability of the timber and its resistance to insect and
- Ill -
Adesida, G.A. et al. Phytochemistry , 10, 1845 and references cited therein.
Faboya, 0.0. P. e_t al. Phytochemistry, 19, 1226.
Polonsky, J. and Lederer, E. Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1157.
Brochere-Ferrerol, G. !. Corapt. Rend., 246, 3082.
Moyse-Mignon, H. Recherches sur quelques Meliacees africaines et leurs
(1942) principes amers, These Pharm. , Univ. Paris.
Aspinall, G.O. e_t al . J. Chem. Soc., C, 365 and previous works cited therein.
- 112 -
PLATE XVII. Khaya senega lens is (Desr.) A. Juss.
Plate XVII. Khaya senegalensls (Desr.) A. Juss.
A. flowering branch
B. longitudinal section of flower
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