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Related article: The juice provides an astringent "kino". It is rubbed on childrens 1 gums on the Ivory
Coast to help the teeth Buy Aciphex through (Kerharo and Bouquet, 1950). It is used similarly in
Ghana and also applied to sores in the mouth or on the tongue to heal (Traditional). The
viscid juice and pounded leaves are slightly rubefacient and are applied to sluggish
ulcers. A lotion made from the crushed leaves is used in treating Guinea-worm sores or
the ashes of the burnt leaves are applied to the sores (Dalziel, 1937).
The boiled leaves mixed with lime juice are drunk or used in Buy Aciphex washing for "yellow
fever" (jaundice). The Ebris use the warm leaves for rheumatic pains. A decoction of the
young leaves is also taken internally for fever while the Bakwiri of the Cameroon Mountains
drink the same, added to beer as a "diuretic" for rheumatism (Santesson, 1926).
In Nigeria a decoction of the leaves with native natron is used by women as a wash for
a month before child birth. In Gambia the leaves are used to make a mouthwash (Dalziel,
(1937). In Ghana the leaves are a common ingredient in enema preparations and are prepared
with palm fruits as an enema for weakly children (Dalziel, 1937).
A leaf infusion is used for bathing and as an enema in treating convulsion and fits
(Saunders, 1961). A few leaves boiled with oil palm fruits and prepared together as palm
soup Buy Aciphex is taken internally by Buy Aciphex pregnant women whose foetus cannot develop or move (Ankoma
Ayew-Centre for Scientific Research into Medicinal Plants, Mampong-Akwapim, Ghana).
The dried and powdered root bark is applied to sores and with sorghum is rubbed on the
gums to relive spasms of "infantile tetanus". The Anyis in the Ivory Coast make
suppositories with the root Buy Aciphex pulp adding Xylopia fruits for dysentry. In Nigeria the Buy Aciphex leaves
are a remedy for jaundice, applied by rectal injection (Irvine, 1961). In Ghana the
ashes from the burnt leaves are applied by rectal injection on haemorrhoids or bleeding
piles (Traditional Medicine).
6. MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
The juice contains 10 percent tannin. The bark contains 37 percent tannin (Howes, 1953)
and is said to yield a dark blue dye. The plant is listed as fish poison (Parallel ,
1911). The bark contains wax composed of a mixture of "melissyl alcohol" and its
melissimic acid ester (Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk, 1962).
- 105 -
The seed contains a "toxalbumen". In the albumen of the kernel is another poison
most abundant in the embryo, the chief poison is "toxalburoen cursjLn 11 . It is said not
to cause the agglutination of the red corpuscles but it may harm the ducts and thus cause
serious trouble (Kerharo and Bouquet, 1950). The seeds owe their Buy Aciphex purgative property to
the oils they contain (31-37 percent) they are poisonous and are formed of esters of
palmitic and stearic acids (10-17 percent), oleic acids (45-62 percent) Linolic acids
(18-45 percent) and myristic(?) and arachidic acids (less than 1 per 1000) (Mensier, 1961).
The husk of the seeds also contains poisoit. Curcin is related to ricin in Ricinus and
crotin of croton tiglium, for symptoms of poisoning (Burkhill, 1935). A third poison, a
resin (croton resin) occurs Buy Aciphex in the seeds and causes redness and pustular eruption of the
skin (Burkhill, 1935).
7. HARVESTING, CONSERVING AND PREPARTION
The seeds are harvested, placed in heaps and allowed to dry and dehisce spontaneously.
The seeds are then separated from the pericarp, dried, roasted and ground.
The grounds are boiled and the extracted oil, which floats Buy Aciphex on the surface, can be
8. ECONOMICS AND MARKETING
It has been known to produce 350-lOOOlbs/acre ( 420-1 200kg/ha) of oil seed. It was
grown commercially in the Cape Verde Islands and the Malagasy Republic.
Jatropha curcas is easily propagated by seeds and by cuttings. It has been grown
extensively in Ghana as fences and hedges, but has not been grown in plantations as
reported in Senegal and the Cape Verde Islands.
10. MAJOR DISEASES
There are no records of disease or pests. It is believed to be avoided by termites.
11. OTHER USES
The sap contains 10% tannin and can be used as marking ink. The leaf juice stains
red and marks linen indelible black. The dried seeds are put on sticks, and after being
dipped into palm oil Buy Aciphex are used as torch which will keep alight even in strong wind. The
oil from the seeds is used along with burnt plantain ashes in making hard home-made soap.
It is also used to make soap in Zanzibar. The oil burns without smoke and has been
employed for street lighting near Rio-de-Janeiro (Irvine, 1961, Dalziel, 1937).
In Europe the (semi-drying) oil is used in wool spinning. Soap is also made
throughout West Africa from the wood ashes and in Ghana, from the leaf ashes (Irvine, 1961).
In Guinea the ashes from the roots and branches are used as cooking salt and in the
dye industry (Porteres, 1950). The bark is said to yield a dark blue dye.
It contains 37 percent tannin (Howes, 1953). The lates is used in the
Philippines for stunning fish. The seeds ground and mixed with palm oil are used in Gabon
to kill rats (Walker, 1953)
- 106 -
In Ghana the leaves are used to fumigate houses against bed bugs. The seeds are
sometimes added to Strophanthus seeds to make arrow poison or used as an ingredient with
Euphorbia latex in a mixture (gunguma-Hausa) for poisoning corn as a bait for guinea fowls
The oil mixed with ashes is used in removing hairs from animal hides.
The pounded seeds are used in tanning leather in the Northern and Upper Regions of
It is widely planted as a hedge plant (see 9).
Aubreville, A. La flore forestiere de la Cote d'lvoire, 3 Vols. Paris:
(1936) Larose edit.
Burkhill, I.H. Economic products of Malay Peninsula; London: Oxford
(1935) Univ. Press.
Dalziel, J.M. The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. London:
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