While there may not be an NBA season right now, it's still worth looking at how these programs prepare their kids for the next level.
The Blue Devils' success in the NBA goes as far as Grant Hill, Carlos Boozer and Elton Brand. Some of their best players ever like J.J. Redick (all-time leading scorer), Bobby Hurley (all-time assists leader) and Shelden Williams (all-time leading rebounder) have not found success in the NBA.
Boozer and Hill were solid at Duke, but many of its NBA stars did not play long in college. Brand only played two seasons, and other notable NBA players (including Luol Deng and Kyrie Irving in the future) from Duke only played one season.
The best NBA player in Syracuse history is easily Carmelo Anthony, whose legend is still being written. He is an absolute star, and he's easily the best NBA player either school has produced.
After him, the Orange still have a few good NBA players, but recruiting players who usually play three or four years can hurt them in this category.
Syracuse has produced a lot of NBA talent—probably better talent than Duke has.