Bass fishing is an extremely popular sport in America; however, not many people know more than one kind of bass. There are many subspecies of these fish that exist, though the most sought after of all bass are usually one of these three listed below:
Largemouth bass are recognized for their unmistakable upper jaw that wraps behind their eyes. They are green or black in color and tend to prefer waters that are rather warm and shallow than the other species listed here.
They like to linger within the safety and shade of timber, weeds and thick brush. If they have a choice, they will typically opt for a slow current. Additionally, these fish will tend to spawn in shallow areas that are rather concealed near wood or other structures of some sort.
The diet of a largemouth bass usually consists of just about anything they can wrap their rather large mouths over. This can be anything from other fish to mice and frogs.
Smallmouth bass are usually a bit more brown or bronze in color compared to the greenish hues of the largemouth bass. Smallmouth bass have distinct, tiger like markings running down each of their sides.
Like the name suggest, their mouths are significantly smaller as well. You can usually locate smallmouth bass in water that is cooler, deeper and clearer than the largemouth prefer. The bottom of these lakes or rivers will usually be covered in rocks and have many structures for the bass to hide around.
It is extremely rare that these fish are caught in locations that are stagnant, muddy or less than 25 feet deep.
The one quality they do share with their cousins is their love for heavier structures within the water such as large rocks, logs and tree trunks. However, it is weeds and brush that they will often avoid.
As for the diet of a smallmouth bass, insects and crawfish are favorites among these fish as they will not normally feed on smaller baitfish.
Spotted bass are also referred to at times as Kentucky bass. These fish in no way reach the sizes of the largemouth bass, and they do not have the tiger like markings of their smallmouth cousins.
Instead, their jaws are more reminiscent of the smallmouth bass and below their lateral line, they sport multiple rows of spots. These fish also tend to travel in schools, which is unique to both the large and smallmouth bass as they prefer to be on their own.
Spotted bass also prefer rocky structures and deeper water as well.
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