James Anderson, Ravi Jadeja and 7 England vs. India Controversies
It was rather apt that a largely forgettable first Test between England and India contained a fiery moment between James Anderson and Ravindra Jadeja at Trent Bridge—a venue with quite a history for staging controversy between the two nations.
Indeed, during both of India's visits to Nottingham in 2007 and 2011, a number of contentious moments grabbed the headlines amid the team's battles.
Interestingly, those events come in an ever-growing line of controversies—some serious and others somewhat more comical—that have littered the history between England and India, adding spice to a burgeoning rivalry.
Across the following slides, we revisit some of the more controversial events that have unfolded between the two countries in chronological order.
John Snow's Clash with Sunil Gavaskar at Lord's in 1971
England's John Snow and India's Sunil Gavaskar were never men to take a backward step on the cricket field.
In 1971 at Lord's, the imposing fast bowler and supreme batsman became involved in a contentious incident in what was an intriguing Test.
In the last innings of the match, India's Farokh Engineer dropped a ball into the leg-side and took off for a quick single.
Snow, who was bowling at the time, changed direction in his follow-through to intercept the ball, moving ahead of Gavaskar's position in doing so, leaving the Indian scrambling for his ground.
According to ESPN Cricinfo, the bowler sensed that "Gavaskar was doing the one thing all batsmen are taught and expected to do when they find themselves in that type of situation...namely run over the ball."
Shifting his weight in the anticipation of a collision, Snow crashed into Gavaskar who had actually deviated to try and run wide of a potential clash.
The Englishman then picked up his opponent's bat and tossed it toward him "with not the best will in the world" The Times noted, per ESPN Cricinfo.
Snow found himself suspended for the next Test.
The Socks Scandal in 1974
One of the more comical affairs to transpire in the history between England and India occurred during the latter's tour of Britain in 1974.
Although things on the field didn't go well for the tourists, India's visit became notable when opener Sudhir Naik (pictured on the right) was arrested for stealing two pairs of stocks from a London store, per ESPN Cricinfo.
Naik insisted it was an honest mistake after placing the socks on the counter under a pair of trousers and not being charged for them, according to All Out Cricket.
But with the BCCI and Indian High Commission desperate to avoid the issue blowing up, the batsman was ordered to plead guilty and attended court to be fined.
England's Tour of India That Almost Didn't Happen in 1981-82
While England's visit to India in 1981-82 saw one of the most forgettable Test series of all time, the tour itself almost didn't happen.
Played during Apartheid and set against a backdrop of rebel tours to South Africa, tension arose when the Indian government moved to prevent Geoffrey Boycott and Geoff Cook—two men who were among 128 sportsmen on a United Nations blacklist for playing in South Africa during the racial regime—from entering India, despite the pair being selected by the Test & County Cricket Board (now ECB), per ESPN Cricinfo.
When the England board threatened to cancel the tour if any of the nation's squad were prevented from entering India, it seemed a disastrous racial divide could have split the cricketing world amid policy differences regarding players' contact with South Africa.
After a period which saw both sides stand their ground, a compromise was reached when SK Wankhede of the Indian board announced that the tour would proceed as planned after receiving "satisfactory clarifications" from the TCCB that it did not approve of tours to South Africa, per ESPN Cricinfo.
Both Boycott and Cook also publicly stated their disapproval of Apartheid and the England board agreed that any English player in South Africa would not be called up to the national team if added squad members were required.
Jelly Bean-Gate in 2007
In the first moment of controversy to arise in a series of incidents between England and India at Trent Bridge, Indian paceman Zaheer Khan claimed that jelly beans had been thrown at him from the English slip cordon while he was batting during the second Test of 2007.
According to The Daily Telegraph, Zaheer said:
When I got out to the crease there were some jelly beans there. I just swept one off the wicket, and when I played the next ball there were some more, so obviously someone was chucking them from behind. I was upset about it. I went to speak to them and asked what was going on.
Initially, the Indian suspected it was Kevin Pietersen who was throwing the sweets his way, also pointing the finger at Ian Bell and Alastair Cook.
England captain Michael Vaughan, who was off the field when the incident occurred, later apologised to Zaheer, per The Telegraph, suggesting the jelly beans had been left near the crease as a "prank" but had not been thrown at the batsman.
Peter Moores also admitted that his team's behaviour "got out of hand."
Michael Vaughan, VVS Laxman and Vaseline in 2011
Indian administrators have never been fond of the Decision Review System (DRS) and the whole issue erupted when India came to England in 2011.
During the second Test at Trent Bridge, England made an extremely confident appeal for a caught-behind dismissal of VVS Laxman from the bowling of James Anderson.
The right-hander was adjudged not out by umpire Asad Rauf, which saw Andrew Strauss immediately call for a review of the decision via DRS; HotSpot indicating that an edge hadn't occurred. Sky TV's "Snicko," which wasn't a component of the review system, later indicated that a clear nick had indeed been made.
According to the Daily Mail, former England captain Michael Vaughan quickly tweeted "Has vaseline on the outside edge saved the day for Laxman?"
Vaughan, the Daily Mail suggested, was elaborating on speculation that Indian batsmen had been trying to deceive HotSpot by applying Vaseline to the edges of their bats, preventing contact from appearing on the infra-red imaging system.
Ian Bell's Run Out in 2011
Also during that second Test at Trent Bridge between England and India in 2011 was the truly bizarre run out of Ian Bell midway through the home side's second innings.
Elevated to No. 3 to cover the injured Jonathan Trott, the right-hander struck a sublime century before becoming involved in one of the year's most controversial moments.
From the last ball before tea on Day 3, Eoin Morgan clipped the ball behind square, seeing Praveen Kumar make a diving effort in an attempt to save the boundary. To the naked eye, it seemed as though the ball had hit the boundary rope advertising.
Assuming the session had finished, Bell and Morgan proceeded to leave the field, seeing Kumar—also under the impression tea had been called—throw the ball into MS Dhoni behind the stumps.
Dhoni, however, took the bails off, running out Bell, with replays showing the ball had never reached the boundary; Play was still technically underway and so the batsman was given out.
Sensing that tensions could potentially boil over amid the general perception that the act was not in the spirit of the game, Dhoni withdrew his appeal during the interval, seeing Bell return to the crease for the final session.
James Anderson and Ravindra Jadeja's Confrontation
There must be something in the water at Nottingham when both England and India visit.
During the first Test between the nations at Trent Bridge this summer, James Anderson and Ravindra Jadeja became involved in an incident that will see the Englishman face a hearing on August 1, per ESPN Cricinfo.
The incident is reported to have occurred during the lunch interval on the second day of the Test as players left the field for the dressing rooms.
India have alleged that Anderson abused and pushed Jadeja, according to ESPN Cricinfo, while England have made the counter claim that the Indian turned and approached the Englishman in a threatening manner.
Anderson has been charged with a Level 3 offence, and if found guilty will miss between two and four Tests or four and eight one-day internationals. Jadeja, meanwhile, was charged with a Level 2 offence and could be fined between 50 and 100 percent of his match fee and possibly receive two suspension points.