A minimum average of 53 percent possession in domestic league matches for the current season was set as the cut-off point for considered teams.
After that, a weighting was applied to average possession scores as well as pass success rate for the entire team to ensure accuracy as well as consistency was accounted for.
In addition, since possession without penetration amounts to very little in the world of football and winning matches, an additional weighting was added for chances created per game on average.
The final tallies yielded the order within this ranking.
It should be kept in mind that this is to look at teams' abilities to control matches by adopting a passing approach to creating chances, to dominating games more often than not. This does not, however, indicate that a team will automatically win—a shoddy defence or poor finishers at key moments can undo all the good build-up work which takes place beforehand.
The following is a small handful of clubs who just missed the final cut.
Athletic Bilbao in Spain and Borussia Dortmund in Germany both have the same issue: reasonably high average possession figures but poor pass completion rates.
Valencia have been good at passing and controlling possession in games—but not at making enough great use of the ball, with few shooting opportunities, comparatively speaking.
Tottenham and Inter Milan do "well" without being outstanding in all three categories, ensuring they miss out, while the likes of Lille and Lyon in France also miss the cut.