Sachin Tendulkar was unbeaten on 38 as the Indian cricketing legend batted for potentially the last time in his glittering 24-year Test career.
The 40-year-old is playing in his 200th and final Test in his home city of Mumbai as India face the West Indies in the second match of the series.
|India 1st Innings 157-2 (34 overs)|
|M Vijay||c Sammy b Shillingford||43||55|
|S Dhawan||c Chanderpaul b Shillingford||33||28|
|CA Pujara||not out||34||49|
|SR Tendulkar||not out||38||73|
|Extras||(b 8, nb 1)||9|
After skittling out the tourists for 182, the hosts reached 157 for two at stumps with Tendulkar alongside Cheteshwar Pujara, who was 34 not out.
The "Little Master" was given a guard of honour midway through the final session on the first day by the men from the Caribbean as he walked to the crease for the 329th time in his Test career.
Tendulkar got off the mark to the huge cheers of the crowd of 32,000 at the Wankhede Stadium with a single to extra cover off Shane Shillingford.
He thus avoided the fate of the legendary Don Bradman, who had a duck in his final Test to finish with an average just shy of 100.
Tendulkar went on to hit six boundaries to huge cheers from the crowd to give the home fans hope of an emotional 52nd Test century in his swansong.
India, who crushed the West Indies by an innings and 51 runs in the opening Test in Kolkata last week, had earlier taken just 55.2 overs and two sessions to dismiss the visitors.
Left-arm spinner Pragyan Ojha was the star of the show with 5-40. He ran through the West Indies innings after they had made a promising start, reaching 86 for one.
|West Indies 1st Innings 182 (55.2 overs)|
|CH Gayle||c Sharma b Mohammed Shami||11||17|
|KOA Powell||c Dhawan b Ojha||48||80|
|DM Bravo||c †Dhoni b Ashwin||29||63|
|MN Samuels||c Vijay b Ojha||19||59|
|S Chanderpaul||c Ashwin b Kumar||25||34|
|N Deonarine||c Vijay b Ashwin||21||24|
|D Ramdin†||not out||12||32|
|DJG Sammy*||c Sharma b Ashwin||0||0|
|S Shillingford||lbw b Ojha||0||0|
|TL Best||c †Dhoni b Ojha||0||0|
|ST Gabriel||c †Dhoni b Ojha||1||1|
|Extras||(b 8, lb 8)||16|
Kieran Powell top-scored with 48. However, when he was caught at short leg off Ojha shortly after lunch, the West Indies capitulated with fellow spinner Ravichandran Ashwin claiming three wickets.
Shillingford removed home openers Shikhar Dhawan (33) and Murali Vijay (43) in the space of three balls, but then Tendulkar took centre stage.