Though we may have another four weeks until the summer transfer window officially sees its opening, clubs across Europe are getting their foot in the door with some early business.
Taking inspiration from Bleacher Report’s Premier League Power Rankings, here we take into account every club from the continent’s major divisions.
These rankings consider every club on a proportional scale, with the magnitude of each purchase or sale quantified by the size of a team and the impact any move may have on that squad.
What’s more, only completed player transfers are taken into account, although, in special cases, very heavy speculation can still affect where a side is placed.
Players marked with an asterisk (*) will complete the mentioned transfer on July 1, 2013, unless a deal has been struck to conclude said transfer earlier.