Transfer Window Review: The 25 Biggest Deals to Go Down This Summer
The summer transfer window has finally closed for good and just like any other transfer window, there were many shocks and surprises since the window opened in June.
They did not stop until the last minute of the transfer window.
After selling Luka Modric, Tottenham had enough money to buy both Hugo Lloris and Clint Dempsey, along with a few other players, to bolster Andre Villas-Boas' squad.
Some transfers this summer were formalities as players like Jordi Alba and Marco Reus were linked with just one club that was going to sign them no matter what happened.
Other transfers came down to either who was the highest bidder or what club the player preferred to join, although money had a lot to do with those decisions as well.
Here are 25 players who made news this summer by switching clubs.
Early on in the summer, Dirk Kuyt was one of the first big names to switch clubs.
After Brendan Rodgers was named manager at Liverpool, the transfer of the Dutch midfielder was one of his first moves.
So far, Fenerbahce are benefiting greatly from this move. Kuyt has already netted six goals in his first seven games at the club.
However, the Turkish club were not able to qualify for the UEFA Champions League group stage after losing to Spartak Moscow on Friday.
To: Shanghai Shenhua
Another player to leave the English Premier League early on in the summer was Didier Drogba.
Just a month after winning the UEFA Champions League title with Chelsea, Drogba made the move to Chinese club Shanghai Shenhua.
The Ivorian playmaker spent eight seasons at Stamford Bridge and won the EPL Golden Boot twice before leaving the club after finally winning the Champions league title, a trophy that escaped the Blues for years.
From: Borussia Monchengladbach
To: Borussia Dortmund
German international Marco Reus returned to Borussia Dortmund in July after impressing many during his time at Borussia Monchengladbach.
The 23-year-old agreed to his deal with Dortmund in January but made the move to his hometown club once last season ended.
Reus' final season at Monchengladbach was a spectacular one. He helped the club earn a fourth-place finish in the Bundesliga, which clinched a spot in the Europa League.
Reus' most fascinating accomplishment last season was the German Footballer of the Year award he received at the end of the season.
Now with Dortmund, the attack-minded player will play for the two-time defending Bundesliga champions on a squad that boasts some of the best young talent in the world.
While many football fans were looking for another young Brazilian to finally make his move to Europe, it was Oscar who caught the attention of Europe's biggest clubs.
The Brazilian midfielder showed why he was a big-name signing for Chelsea manager Roberto di Matteo with his performance at the Summer Olympics.
Although he only won the silver medal with Brazil, the 20-year-old did earn the respect of many people who follow world football.
So far, in his time at Chelsea, he has not started but played in two matches as a substitute.
From: Chievo Verona
After spending one season with Serie A's Chievo Verona, American midfielder Michael Bradley made a move further up the Italian league table to Roma.
Bradley had spent the past few years moving from club to club looking for first-team football. After moving to Italy, he has found the stability he has been looking for.
With the move to Roma, Bradley will not only see consistent first-team time but will be able to play European football in the Europa League.
Those two factors will give Bradley a chance to improve his play going into World Cup qualifying with the United States.
From: Manchester City
Emmanuel Adebayor was looking to leave Manchester City after he could not secure a spot in the starting lineup.
After spending time on loan at Tottenham last season, the North London club decided to bring the Togo international to White Hart Lane on a permanent basis.
Adebayor scored 17 goals in the Premier League last season and will be counted on to score many more goals for the Spurs this season. He and Jermain Defoe are the club 's only two proven forwards.
From: Manchester United
Dimitar Berbatov was always thought to be on his way out of Manchester United this summer.
When United signed Robin van Persie from Arsenal, the wheels began to turn on a transfer for the Bulgarian forward.
Surprisingly, Berbatov did not go to a top European club. He decided to join Fulham instead.
Fulham will be Berbatov's third Premier League club. He started his EPL career with Tottenham before moving to Manchester United, and he will be the top forward on the Cottagers' depth chart.
From: AC Milan
To: Paris St-Germain
Thiago Silva was one of two big-name players to join PSG from AC Milan in July.
Silva was a stalwart in the Milan defense for the past three seasons and will now have a chance to prove himself with another one of Europe's top clubs.
Silva, who came to the French capital alongside Zlatan Ibrahimovic, is a regular for the Brazilian national team at the moment as well.
The 27-year-old is just another player that PSG added under their new owners as they push toward dominance not only in Ligue 1 but in Europe as well.
Nine months ago, no one in English football knew Gylfi Sigurdsson.
After a terrific loan spell at Swansea City last season, the Icelandic international made sure everyone not only in England but around the world knew who he was.
Sigurdsson was signed by Tottenham and new manager Andre Villas-Boas from German side Hoffenheim in July.
The 22-year-old midfielder will fit well in AVB's system as an attacking midfielder. He will play in the middle of the pitch as a provider for the wingers and forwards.
Olivier Giroud is the latest Frenchman to be signed by Arsene Wenger during his reign at Arsenal.
Giroud won Ligue 1 last season with Montpellier and was the league's top goal-scorer as well.
Giroud was brought in before Robin van Persie left the club and will now be one of the forwards who will be under a ton of pressure to fill the void left by the Dutchman.
Along with the other new addition up front for the Gunners, Lukas Podolski, the French international and his new strike partner will be two of the most scrutinized forwards in the world, especially if they do not live up to expectations.
To: West Ham (Loan)
In just a matter of 20 months, Andy Carroll has gone from being the newest star in the Premier League, to being the biggest transfer bust in recent memory, to someone looking for a new chance at reviving his career.
Carroll was a record signing at Liverpool when he moved from Newcastle United in January 2011 and he has been a complete bust, scoring just six EPL goals for Liverpool.
Now, Carroll has a chance to prove his worth yet again as he has moved to West Ham on loan.
Carroll gives the Hammers a viable attacking option alongside Carlton Cole up front. A good season in London could see the England international make a potentially permanent move to Upton Park.
Santi Cazorla may turn out to be the player in midfield that Arsene Wenger has been looking for since the departure of Cesc Fabregas last summer.
Cazorla made the move to Arsenal from Malaga in early August.
The Spanish midfielder has already proven to be a creative force in the Gunners midfield, although the club have not produced a goal in two Premier League games so far this season.
Just more than a week after Cazorla joined Arsenal, Alex Song left the London club for Barcelona.
Song was only one of two signings that Barca made this summer, but he will end up being a very valuable player for the Catalan giants.
Although he is considered a veteran player, the Cameroon midfielder is still only 24 years old and has a long successful future ahead of him.
At Barca, Song will provide cover for Javier Mascherano in the defensive midfield position and will also have a better chance of winning a trophy, something Arsenal could not do during Song's time at the club.
From: Borussia Dortmund
To: Manchester United
Manchester United only made a few moves this summer and one of the few players who joined the Red Devils was Shinji Kagawa.
Kagawa not only is a star player but he has had plenty of experience in winning championships. He won two straight Bundesliga titles with Borussia Dortmund over the past two seasons.
The Japanese international will give United a boost in midfield and could be the long-term replacement for Paul Scholes that United have been looking for the past few years.
Well before Tottenham made their biggest impact in the summer transfer window on deadline day, they signed Jan Vertonghen from Ajax.
The 25-year-old defender replaced the retired Ledley King on the depth chart at White Hart Lane and will be a key figure in the back four in front of Hugo Lloris this season.
Vertonghen is yet another Belgian star to enter the Premier League. Players like Marouane Fellaini, Eden Hazard, Vincent Kompany and Romeul Lukaku have all made an instant impact on the English top-flight already.
Rafael Van Der Vaart
Rafael van der Vaart moved back to the club he left in 2008 after he was left out of the squad due to the new additions made by Andre Villas-Boas.
Van der Vaart left Hamburg for Real Madrid in the summer of 2008, then two years later made the move on deadline day to Spurs.
After the Villas-Boas takeover, van der Vaart always looked to be on the way out as the new manager looked to bring in his own players.
To: Real Madrid
The Luka Modric saga came to an end a few days before the transfer window ended as the Croatian moved to Real Madrid.
Modric was not only a key signing for Madrid but his move helped fund some of Spurs' last-minute moves on deadline day.
With the money from Modric, Hugo Lloris, Clint Dempsey and Moussa Dembele were all able to join Tottenham in the last day or two of the transfer window.
At Madrid, Modric adds to depth in midfield. With the many competitions the Spanish champions are involved in, the new signing should get a good amount of playing time in the starting 11 and from the bench.
To: Manchester City
Javi Garcia's move to Manchester City was one of the final signings to be confirmed on deadline day.
The defensive midfielder will replace Nigel de Jong, who left the club for AC Milan, on the depth chart.
Garcia will be paired alongside either Gareth Barry or new signing Jack Rodwell in front of the back four in Roberto Mancini's starting 11.
This transfer may not be the flashiest of signings, but it fills a need in the City lineup and gives the squad more depth as they look to repeat as Premier League champions.
From: Athletic Bilbao
To: Bayern Munich
Bayern Munich made Javi Martinez the most expensive player in Bundesliga history with his move from Athletic Bilbao.
Martinez broke onto the international scene last season as Bilbao made a run to the Europa League final before they eventually lost to Atletico Madrid.
The Spanish midfielder has been brought into the club as a player who can help Bayern take back the Bundesliga title from two-time defending champions Borussia Dortmund.
So far in his young career, the 23-year-old has won the Under-21 European Championship in 2011 and the Euro 2012 title with Spain this summer.
Just as we all thought Clint Dempsey was all set to move to Liverpool, Tottenham came and swooped in to capture the signature of the American midfielder.
Dempsey is not the only Fulham player moving to White Hart Lane. Moussa Dembele joined Spurs this week as well.
Spurs were the final club to offer a deal to Fulham after three clubs with American owners, Liverpool, Sunderland and Aston Villa, all tried to sign the top American player.
Dempsey will most likely play in the center position of Andre Villas-Boas' attacking midfield. Rafael van der Vaart, who played that position, departed for Hamburg on Friday.
Dempsey's biggest competition at the club will be another new signing, Gylfi Sigurdsson, as the two will most likely rotate as the center attacking midfielder at White Hart Lane.
The final piece to the Tottenham puzzle on deadline day was French goalkeeper Hugo Lloris.
The France captain joined Spurs from Lyon to become the first-choice keeper under Andre Villas-Boas.
Lloris will replace Brad Friedel as the top keeper at Spurs, a club that now has four keepers on their roster. Heurelho Gomes and Carlo Cudicini are the other two net minders.
The 25-year-old will be the big name in net that Spurs have wanted. as Friedel is nearing retirement and neither one of the two other keepers is good enough to be a first-choice keeper for a top-five club in England.
Jordi Alba's move from Valencia to Barcelona was the best defensive transfer of the summer.
Alba was the breakout star at left-back for Spain on their way to the Euro 2012 championship.
The 23-year-old is the latest star player to exit the Mestalla after David Silva departed for Manchester City and David Villa left for Barcelona in 2010.
Alba has made an instant impact for the Catalan club. He has been cast into the starting left-back role right away under new manager Tito Vilanova.
Robin Van Persie
To: Manchester United
After announcing he would not sign a new contract with Arsenal, Robin van Persie was free to leave on a transfer.
That transfer came to be on August 15th as the Dutch forward made the move to Manchester United.
Last season, Van Persie was the Premier League's leading goal-scorer with 30.
The addition of the Dutchman added depth to the United attack while it took away the only real goal-scoring threat that Arsenal had last season.
From: AC Milan
To: Paris St-Germain
Zlatan Ibrahimovic was part of a two-player deal that brought the Swedish forward and defender Thiago Silva to PSG from AC Milan.
PSG will be the seventh professional club for Ibrahimovic, and he has found success everywhere he has gone.
Ibrahimovic has won a league title in every season since 2003 except for last season when Juventus beat out AC Milan for the Serie A title.
If that trend continues for the powerful Swede, PSG will have no problem winning Ligue 1 this season and give Zlatan a league title with his sixth different club.
Eden Hazard was the top player for sale in the summer transfer window.
The Belgian winger ended his transfer saga in June when he decided to join Chelsea from Lille.
Hazard has already lived up to all the hype that surrounded him while he was at Lille.
The 21-year-old has been the best player in the Premier League so far this season. His new club has opened with three wins in three matches.