Today, more than ever in football, it seems, money talks.
A couple of years ago, no one could have imagined Paris Saint-Germain would pull off the biggest transfer deal of the summer. Until recently, Samuel Eto'o had almost certainly never heard of Anzhi Makhachkala, let alone imagined he would play for them.
But thanks to their respective big-money takeovers, both sides have achieved unimaginable things in the transfer market, if not yet on the pitch.
But they are not the only two European clubs who appear to be on a sharp upward trajectory. Here are some more for whom, it seems, the only way is up.